EXERCITUS


EXERCITUS
EXERCITUS
militum multitudo est, quae palam fines hosticos ausit invadere. Quod enim furto fit aut latrocinantium more, et quod iusto fir exercitu, passim opponunt Historici. Quare pro viribus hotium aestimandum, quae copiae exercitum faciant. Et quidem Cic. exercitum vocat, sex Legiones et Auxilia: Polyb. Romanum exercitum plerumque ait constitisse sexdecim milibus Romanorum, viginti sociorum. At minor quoque numerus im plere potest eius nominis mensuram. Namque Ulpian. exercitui praeesse eum ait, qui vel uni Legioni cum Auxiliis praeest, in l. 2. D. de his qui not. inf. i.e. ut Veget. exponit, decem milibus peditum, duodecim milibus equitum. Et Liv. in in octo milibus speciem iusti exercitus ponit l. 8. c. 8 Quo modo etiam de Classe aestimandum, Hug. Grot. de Iure Belli et Pacis l. 2. c. 16. §. 3. Disposito autem ordine Exercitu rem gerere, quidam Palamedis inventum faciunt; alii Nestori contra Centauros pugnanti eius gloriam attribuunt. Certe iam in Thebano bello Ordines militares observatos, Aeschylus, Seneca, Stat. alii Poetae observant. Imo ad Patriarchae Abrahami aetatem
ascendenti, Strategica iam et Tactica Ars sese offeret, qua de re latius infra dicemus suo loco. Vide quoque passim alibi, ubi de Bell, Cohortibus, Legionibus, Militibus, Turmis etc. De ritu Exercitus lustrandi, diximus quaedam in voce Canis. Addam hîc saltem nonnulla de Exercitus coronandi prisco more. Solebat i fieri non solum in triumpho, uti de Liberi Patris et Alexandri Mag. exercitu legimus, qui hederatus uterque ex India rediisse legitur. Quamvis laureae coronae principem Liberum, ex Indiis triumphantem, faciat Tertullian. de Cor. Mil. Sed et statim post pugnam, et quidem eo adhuc armato, quod de Marii exercitu, post Teutones Ambronesque caesos, tradit Plutarch. in Mario, et de Agesilai, partâ de Thebams victoriâ, Xenoph. Hellenic. l. 4. Quin et Lacedaemonii, proprio instituto, quoque pugnabant coronati, uti refert Stobaeus περὶ νόμ. καὶ ἔθ. etc. Vide C. Paschal. Coron. l. 1. c. 18. et l. 8. c. 4. uti de spatio qu od ab Exercitu diurno conficitur itinere, ifra ubi de Vett. Mensuris, item infra in voce Milites.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Exercitus — Lit. an army, infantry . The Latin word used of a military expedition, also the army involved in such an expedition. In the 13c, the word was used in conflicts with Scotland; in the 14c, it was used for the expeditions sent against France. From… …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • exercitus — /agzarsatas/ In old European law, an army; an armed force. The term was absolutely indefinite as to number. It was applied, on various occasions, to a gathering of forty two armed men, of thirty five, or even of four …   Black's law dictionary

  • exercitus — /agzarsatas/ In old European law, an army; an armed force. The term was absolutely indefinite as to number. It was applied, on various occasions, to a gathering of forty two armed men, of thirty five, or even of four …   Black's law dictionary

  • Quaestura exercitus — The Quaestura exercitus was a peculiar administrative district of the Eastern Roman Empire with a seat in Odessus established by Emperor Justinian on May 18, 536. [Velkov, p. 62. In 536 (May 18) a peculiar administrative district was created… …   Wikipedia

  • Quaestura exercitus — La Quaestura exercitus était un district administratif particulier de l Empire romaine d orient dont le siège était à Odessos. Ce district fut créé par Justinien Ier le 18 mai 536[1]. Le territoire du district comprenait les provinces romaines de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • QUAESTOR Exercitus — in Nov. a Procopio definitur χορηγὸς τῆς τοῦ ςτρατοπέδου δαπάνης; rectissime. Nam Novell. 41. ςτρατιωτικὰς δαπάνας, et Iuliani Nov. 50. annonas militum tam Comitatensium qui per castra sunt, quam Limitaneorum, eum distribuisse legimus. Sed habuit …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • DECURSIO Exercitus — a Scipione exhibita, memoratur Liv. l. 29. c. 22. Venientibus eis (Romanorum Legatis) Syracusas, Scipio res, non verba, ad purgandum sese paravit, exercitum omnem eo convenire, classem expediri iussit, tamquam dimicandum eo die terrâ marique cum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • ВОЙСКО —    • Exercïtus.     I. У греков.          Об определенной организации войска, какая заключается в понятии слова exercitus, в героическое время еще не может быть и речи. Позднейшее же устройство войска у греков представляло совершенное отражение… …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • EXGERINF — Exercitus Germaniae Inferioris, Exercitus Germanicus inferior …   Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions

  • EXDP — Exercitus Daciae Porolissensis …   Abbreviations in Latin Inscriptions


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